China in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization: history of involvement and interests

Authors

  • Araz Mursaliev Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52459/josstt3210101

Keywords:

China, Foreign Policy, Shanghai Cooperation Organization , Russia, International Relations

Abstract

Recent developments on the global arena, such as the deterioration of the relations between the United States (US) from one side, and Russia and China from the other, Russian-Chinese rapprochement after the Ukrainian crisis, open up a new discussion on the international organizations in Eurasia. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was established with the aim to fight against “three evils”: terrorism, separatism and extremism. Throughout the years it has shown its efficacy but lacked significant development in terms of evolution. Economic cooperation was stalled by the Russian stance, that was against the Chinese dominance in the Central Asian region. This led to the establishment of new economic entities such as Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the Belt and Road Initiative. The issue of horizontal expansion was banned until the mid-2010s when Russia and China agreed to grant membership simultaneously to India and Pakistan. The aim of this article is to analyse Chinese foreign policy in the SCO and to find its interests and motive forces and the current relation to the organization.

 

CITE THIS PAPER:

Mursaliev, Araz O. 2021. "CHINA IN THE SCO: HISTORY OF INVOLVEMENT AND INTERESTS" JOSSTT 1(01):01. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52459/josstt3210101

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Published

2021-06-08